Most people associate tooth impaction with wisdom teeth. However, this can happen to any tooth, but the third molars and the canines are the most susceptible. Oral surgery treatment and orthodontic techniques can help recover buried canines. Here are other facts you need to know about impacted canines or cuspids.
Defining Impacted Cuspids
Cuspids, also called canines, are the sharp, pointed, corner teeth on either side of the incisors. Impacted canines are under the patient’s bone under the gum. They don’t grow into the mouth.
Impacted Cuspids Causes
There are no clear reasons canines fail to erupt. Etiologic factors associated with buried canines can be systemic, localized, or genetic. Localized factors include a discrepancy between tooth size and arch length and early loss of the baby canine.
Systematic factors include febrile diseases and endocrine deficiencies. Genetic factors include dental anomalies, such as missing lateral incisors and malposed tooth germ.
The Importance Of Managing Impacted Cuspids
The unique position of canines in the mouth helps them guide the oral cavity and other teeth into a perfect biting position. The cuspids also help give an aesthetically pleasing, balanced and symmetrical smile. The management of buried canines is therefore vital for both functional and aesthetic reasons.
Impacted Canines Treatment
Treatment options for impacted canines depend on many factors. These include treatment objectives, the location where the cuspid is under as well as the patient’s age and preferences.
Usually, the surgery to fix buried canines involves exposing them and allowing them to erupt naturally.
Experts discourage extraction of buried cuspids because of possible complication and compromise of orthodontic management results. However, extraction can be an option if, for instance, the dentist can transplant the tooth, it’s undergoing root resorption, or the impaction is dangerously severe.
Yes, the wisdom teeth get impacted more frequently than the canines. But, if your cuspids stay buried in your jaw bone for whatever reason, they can lead to several problems. Luckily, there are various treatment options for impacted canines.