Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) that occurs in the common femoral vein and inferior vena cava is usually with the iliofemoral venous segment, hence are called iliofemoral vein thrombosis. It is quite similar to more distal DVT; however, it is more dangerous than the latter.
Because of this, there are several published research and studies to further understand and develop more treatments for this disease. Veniti discusses the available literature among experts in the field below.
Iliofemoral Venous Thrombosis
By Anthony J. Comerota, MD, Marilyn H. Gravett, MFA. This is a good read if you want to know more about the disease. It covers a basic background of iliofemoral DVT but pointed out removal of the thrombus or blood clot as the best course of treatment even for early cases. It explained the different ways to remove the thrombus and their advantages over one another.
Iliofemoral Deep Vein Thrombosis: Conventional Therapy versus Lysis and Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Stenting
By Ali F. AbuRahma, MD, Samuel E. Perkins, MD, John T. Wulu, PhD, and Hong K. Ng, MD. This study focused on comparing two possible ways to treat and manage iliofemoral DVT – conventional therapy and multimodality, or a combination treatment due to increasing failure of the former to treat the disease. The conventional therapy consists of heparin and warfarin, while lysis and stenting are the multimodality therapy in this study.
In conclusion, the combination of lysis and stenting was more effective as a therapy for patients with iliofemoral vein thrombosis.
Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis in the Treatment of Iliofemoral Venous Thrombosis: A Review
By Broholm R, Panduro Jensen L, Baekgaard N. Since medications for iliofemoral DVT are not always 100% effective, this research showed how catheter-directed thrombolysis can actually help relieve the disease which also avoids complications when taking the drugs. The researchers were able to gather positive results which gives patients a better hope with CDT.
However, as mentioned in this certain article, CDT needs more studies to back up its effectiveness and especially to find out if it works better alone or together with other iliofemoral DVT treatments.
More and more research are out there trying to find an innovation to what the world already has to help treat this condition.