Wheezing, breathlessness, frequent sleeplessness, and daytime fatigue – these are the common signs of asthma. While the frequency and severity of the symptoms vary from person to person, this condition can have a huge impact on a patient’s health and activity. Chronic symptoms can cause reduced activity levels and sleeplessness at night.
To learn more about asthma and its symptoms, here are some facts you should know:
Fact # 1: 235 million people suffer from it.
According to the estimates of the World Health Organization, 235 million people from all over the world suffer from this chronic condition. In the United States alone, there are about 15 million people who have asthma.
Fact # 2: Asthma is a common chronic disease among children.
Asthma usually starts in childhood and is more usual in young people than in adults. Almost 5 million of American children suffer from asthma. Studies also reveal that children with a family history of the condition and allergies have higher risks for having asthma. Many asthma doctors and specialists provide children patients with medications to relieve its symptoms.
Fact # 3: During asthma attacks, there is a reduced flow of air into and out of the lungs.
Substances and particles irritate the airways when they’re inhaled. This leads to swelling of the bronchial tubes, making the airways narrower. This is where an asthma attack will start. As the lining of the tubes are swollen, making the airways smaller, there will be reduced flow of air into and out of the lungs. Continuous asthma attacks can cause daytime fatigue, lack of sleep, and inability to attend to daily activities.
Fact # 4: Asthma causes are not completely understood.
Until now, experts can’t point out the real cause of asthma. In most cases, though, the development of asthma is connected to exposure to allergens, chemical irritants, and tobacco smoke. Other substances that can trigger allergies and asthma attacks include house dust mites, pollution, pollen, and pet dander. An attack will start if a patient inhales these “triggers.” Genetic predisposition is also seen as a strong risk factor.
Fact # 5: Asthma can’t be cured, but it can be managed.
The chronic condition is under-diagnosed and under-treated. This is why asthma commonly brings burden to the sufferers and their families. The good news is it can be managed so the patient can have live normally. There are different types of medications made to control its symptoms. Asthma doctors and allergy physicians also advise patients to avoid triggers to prevent attacks. They recommend long-term medication to manage inflammation and avoid symptoms.
With the right treatment and sufficient attention from a specialist, you can effectively manage this chronic condition. Have a healthy, normal living by staying away from irritants and following the advice of your physician.